Well if psychology can help understand then could that say that it influences what people think?
I believe that the answer is yes in terms of women but not in men. My reasoning behind this that during the times when did not matter women would want a mate that was the alpha male, who would protect their families in times of need, whereas the male would want a mate that was young and had physical attractiveness. In today’s the female wanting the alpha male is preferred but not the highest priority. According to Buse females now “value the financial capacity of potential mates.” Whereas males preference remained the same “young, and physical attractness” was a priority. Thus was my reasoning.
I think that evolution should be the foundation of psychology because it is a reference point for why people behave certain ways. It can help explain why we have behaviors, of they are adaptive, and what their function is.
The sub-disciplines implement evolutionary psychology by using it as a means to explain social Behaviors such as what males and females look for in mates and why.
Whether or not evolution should be the basis for psychological theory is a matter of opinion. I am of the reasoning that it can explain a great deal of the underlying root “causes” of certain behaviors, yet leaving it at this is a dangerous simplification. The intangible human mind could be seen on one hand as being dependent on primitive evolutionary drives, yet we claim to have transcended these very same drives. Another point to bring up is the changes in our understanding of evolutionary theory in relation to changing societal values. The theory of evolution is here to stay despite the best efforts of certain groups. However, our application of it to sociology and anthropology is dependent upon the values we attach to it. For example, in the 1950s the popular image of paleolithic human cultures was of “man the hunter.” When the views in our society towards the value of women shifted since then, these scientific fields grudgingly followed, kicking and screaming the whole way. A scientific worldview is only as good as its ability to be altered and hopefully improved with time.
I think evolution should be the foundation of psychology because our brains change along with the rest of our bodies. But using evolutionary psychology to explain why, for example, a woman is not happy with her relationship will probably not be helpful. Given the plasticity of our brain and our awareness of self, one can override things that use to be helpful but are not anymore. Vegetarians consciously avoid meat products, even though a craving for meat might have been beneficial at one point in human history because of high protein, fat, etc. Culture obviously has a lot to do with psychology as well.
I think that evolution explains some of our psyche, but not all of it. If evolution would explain total behavior, are we removing cultures and social interactions that in evolutions eyes were not completely necessary? Thing like gift exchange, government, and cultural constructs of what it means to be a family. I think Alfred brings up good point about opting out, of what used to be a biological need, but in the contemporary, evolutionary psychology doesn’t explain why people opt out of this.
I think that evolution should definitely be a part of psychology because it would show how we have socially and mentally developed. It involves the ways that we think and why we do what we do. If it included evolution it would show how we have changed over time in the ways that we think and why we do what we do (basic biological or social needs). It could help to explain our social behaviors.
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